Tuesday, July 21, 2009

Những kiến trúc nổi tiếng nhất ở Canada(4)

A. Giải thưởng kiến trúc 2008:
Ryerson University's School of Image Arts ở T
oronto, Ontario được chọn là công trình hay nhất 2008; thiết kế bởi Diamond and Schmitt Architects (do Jack Diamond & Donald Schmitt làm chủ, từng đoạt trên 100 national and international design awards, kể cả "Royal Architectural Institute of Canada's Firm of the Year").
Vài công trình (Projects) tiêu biểu khác của firm này:
- University College Master Plan,Oxford University
-St. Lawrence College, Kingston, Ontario
-Marion McCain Arts & Social Sciences Building, Dalhousie University, Halifax
- Jerusalem City Hall, Jerusalem
- Canadian Chancery, Prague
- Newcastle Town Hall, Newcastle, Ontario
- Shakespeare Theatre, Washington, D.C.
- Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts, Toronto , etc....







B. Những công trình kiến trúc - xây dựng nổi tiếng nhất ở Canada:

CN TowerFirst Canadian Place,TD Canada Trust

1000 de la Gauchetière,Calgary Tower,Royal Bank Plaza,

Canterra Tower,One Wall Centre,
1. Toronto & Ontario: 20 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất

# Tên Building
Cao
Tầng
Năm
1. First Bank Tower [First Canadian Place] 298 m
72
1976
2. Scotia Tower [Scotiabank Buildings] 275 m
68
1988
3. Canada Trust Tower [BCE Place] 261 m
53
1990
4. Commerce Court West [Commerce Court] 239 m
57
1972
5. TD Tower [Toronto-Dominion Centre..] 223 m
56
1967
6. Bay Adelaide West [Bay Adelaide Centre] 218 m
51
2009
7. Bay Wellington Tower [BCE Place] 207 m
49
1991
8. Royal Trust Tower [Toronto-Dominion Centr..] 183 m
46
1969
9. Royal Bank Plaza, Sout.. [Royal Bank Plaza] 180 m
40
1979
10. 1 King West 176 m
51
2005
11. 44 Charles Street West [Manulife Centre] 166 m
51
1972
12. Quantum 2 [Minto Midtown] 165 m
51
2008
13. Residences of College .. [Residences of College ..] 163 m
51
2006
14. 79 Wellington Street W.. [Toronto-Dominion Centr..] 154 m
39
1985
15. 35 Mariner [Harbourview Estates] 153 m
49
2005
16. Montage [CityPlace Block 24] 153 m
48
2009
17. The 250 [Eaton Centre] 151 m
35
1992
18. Two Bloor West 149 m
34
1973
19. Simcoe Place [Simcoe Place] 148 m
33
1995
20. West One [NorthWest] 148 m
49
2007

#

Tên Building chưa xây













Cao










Tầng








Năm
1.

Eatons / John Maryon Tower













686 m










140








1971
2.

Weston Skyscraper













335 m










75









3.

The L Tower [Hummingbird Centre]













205 m










55








2009
4.

Eaton's College Street













204 m










36








1928
5.

1 Bloor East













202 m










57









6.

Opera Tower













193 m










44









7.

First Toronto Tower













177 m










59








2002
8.

20 York Street / 7 Station Street













167 m










36









9.

40 Wellesley Street East













162 m










44









10.

Red [Equinox]













131 m










38








2012
11.

Parkway Forest D1 [Parkway Forest]













119 m










39









12.

Scarborough Centre Development Phase 1













110 m










37









13.

Scarborough Centre Development Phase 2













110 m










37









14.

WaterPark Place III [WaterPark Place]













107 m





















15.

318 Richmond













101 m










33








2013
16.

45 Charles Street East













101 m










33








2012
17.

432 King West













94 m










30









18.

77 Charles Street West













92 m










25









19.

21 Widmer Street













86 m










25









20.

46 Wellesley Street East













83 m










28









8 toà nhà nổi tiếng nhất:
http://www.arrakeen.ch/usacan/095%20%20CN%20Tower%20&%20Skydome.jpgCN Towerhttp://www.condohotelcenter.com/images/condos/trump_toronto.jpgTrump International Hotel
http://www.exhibitcommons.org/onthehorizon/images/magick.php/first_bank_tower.jpgFirst Bank Towerhttp://www.glasssteelandstone.com/Images/CA/ON/Toronto/200801/ScotiaPlaza-Aug08-004a.jpgScotia Tower
http://www.glasssteelandstone.com/Images/CA/ON/Toronto/200801/TDCanadaTrustTower-Aug08-012a.jpgCanada Trust Towerhttp://www.skyscraperpicture.com/toronto24.jpgCommerce Court West
http://www.skyscraperpicture.com/toronto26.jpgTD Towerhttp://fourthirds-user.com/galleries/data/508/medium/5030104.jpgRoyal Bank Plaza, South tower
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/?id=toronto-canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=100993
2. Vancouver & British Columbia:
http://tractelswingstage.com/images/news/LIVING%20shangri%20la%20sm.jpgLiving Shangri-La, Vancouver
25 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất
# Tên Cao




Năm
01. Living Shangri-La
201 m




2008
02. One Wall Centre
150 m




2001
03. Shaw Tower
149 m




2004
04. Harbour Centre
146 m




1977
05. The Melville
141 m




2007
06. Royal Centre
141 m




1973
07. Bentall 5
140 m




2002
08. Park Place
140 m




1984
09. Fairmont Pacific Rim V..
140 m




2009
10. Granville Square
138 m




1973
11. Four Bentall Centre
138 m




1981
12. Scotia Tower
138 m




1977
13. Toronto Dominion Tower
127 m




1972
14. Three Bentall Centre
122 m




1974
15. W-43
121 m




2009
16. Empire Landmark Hotel
121 m




1973
17. The Ritz Coal Harbour
118 m




2008
18. West One
117 m




2002
19. Cathedral Place
116 m




1991
20. The Fairmont Hotel Van..
111 m




1939
21. Venus
109 m




2000
22. Hyatt Regency Vancouve..
109 m




1973
23. Marriott Pinnacle Hote..
109 m




2000
24. Residences on Georgia
108 m




1998
25. The Pinnacle
106 m




1996
http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/vancouver/kveca1613s.jpgOne Wall Centre
10 toà nhà nổi tiếng nhất:
01. Living Shangri-La
02. One Wall Centre
03. Shaw Tower
04. Harbour Centre
05. Library Square
06. Royal Centre
07. BC Place Stadium
08. Park Place
09. Scotia Tower
10. Granville Square

BC Place Stadium http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=100994, http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=100997

3. Montréal: 20 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất

http://www.thehighrisepages.de/hhkartei/monibmma.jpgLe 1250 Boulevard René-Lévesque

# Tên
Cao Năm
01. Le 1250 Boulevard René-Lévesque
226 m 1992
02. Le 1000 de la Gaucheti..

205 m 1992
03. Tour de la Bourse

190 m 1964
04. 1 Place Ville-Marie

188 m 1962
05. La Tour CIBC

180 m 1962
06. Tour de Montréal

175 m 1987
07. Le 1501 McGill College

158 m 1992
08. Le Complexe Desjardins..

152 m 1976
09. Tour KPMG

146 m 1987
10. Place Montréal Trust

134 m 1988
11. Le 500 Place D'Armes

133 m 1968
12. Tour TELUS

131 m 1962
13. Le Complexe Desjardins..

130 m 1976
14. Tour de la Banque Nati..

128 m 1983
15. Centre Mont-Royal

128 m 1974
16. Marriott Hotel

128 m 1967
17. Tour Bell Canada

128 m 1983
18. Tour Scotia

128 m 1990
19. Édifice de la Sunlife

122 m 1931
20. Le Port-Royal

122 m 1964
21. Le 800

122 m 1966
22. Tour de la Banque Roya..

121 m 1928
23. Le Centre Sheraton

118 m 1982
24. Place Du Canada

113 m 1976
25. Édifice Hydro Québec

110 m 1962
http://www.imtl.org/image/big/IMG_2752.jpgLe 1000 de La Gauchetière
6 toà nhà cao nhất chưa xây:
# Tên Cao Tầng
1. Tour Chadillon - Phase.. [The Chadillon Project] 66 m 22
2. Tour Chadillon - Phase.. [The Chadillon Project] 48 m 16
3. Tour de la Bourse II
47
4. Tour de la Bourse III
47
5. Canadian Pacific Hotel
40
6. Windsor Hotel Tower
26
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/?id=montreal-canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=100991
4. Québec:
20 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất
http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2356/2651913414_98ae2dd782.jpgÉdifice Marie-Guyart
# Tên Cao Năm
01. Édifice Marie-Guyart
126 m 1972
02. Place Hauteville
107 m 1974
03. Hôtel Loews Le Concor..
91 m 1974
04. Hôtel Hilton
84 m 1974
05. Place de la Capitale
80 m 1974
06. Le Château Frontenac
77 m 1893
07. Saint-Jean-Baptiste Ch..
73 m 1885
08. Édifice André-Lauren..
52 m 1934
09. Édifice Jean-Antoine-..
43 m 1931
10. Les Jardins Mérici - ..
38 m 2005
11. Chateau Saint-Louis
38 m 1925
12. Les Jardins Mérici - ..
35 m 2002
13. Le Samuel-Holland I

1981
14. Le Louisbourg

1973
15. Édifice d'Youville

1971
16. Le St-Laurent

1970
17. Les Jardins Mérici - ..

1973
18. Le Samuel-Holland IV

1972
19. Le Samuel-de-Champlain

1967
20. Edifice Price

1930
21. La Tour Cominar

2003
22. Hôtel Holiday Inn

1974
23. Les Jardins Mérici - ..

1973
24. Pavillon Félix-Antoin..

1972
25. Pavillon des Sciences ..

1968
3 toà nhà nổi tiếng nhất:
LE CHATEAU FRONTENAC
http://accel7.mettre-put-idata.over-blog.com/500x375/0/32/38/92/Qu-bec/Parlement/Qu-becParlementF0010.jpgl'Hôtel du Parlement
dv1616076, Andrew Gunners /Digital VisionPlace Hauteville
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/?id=quebeccity-canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=101004
5. Ottawa:
25 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất
# Tên Cao Năm
01. Place de Ville II - To..
112 m 1972
02. Minto Metropole
108 m 2004
03. Le Parc
104 m 1988
04. R.H. Coats Building
99 m 1976
05. Ottawa Marriott Hotel
96 m 1972
06. Crowne Plaza Hotel
96 m 1967
07. Place Bell Canada
94 m 1971
08. Lithwick Building
89 m 1989
09. Sixty-Six Slater
88 m 1971
10. L'esplanade Laurier I
88 m 1975
11. L'esplanade Laurier II
88 m 1975
12. Place de Ville - Tower..
87 m 1972
13. Place de Ville - Tower..
87 m 1972
14. Department of National..
84 m 1974
15. Queen Elizabeth Towers..
82 m 1975
16. Queen Elizabeth Towers..
82 m 1975
17. The Laurier
78 m 2003
18. Dunton Tower
77 m 1974
19. Jeanne Mance Building
77 m 1969
20. 269 Laurier
72 m 2005
21. Bromley Square
70 m 1972
22. Frobisher Place
68 m 1975
23. Castleview
68 m
24. The Crosswinds
67 m 1975
25. The Highlands South To..
67 m 1971
8 toà nhà nổi tiếng nhất:
http://images.absoluteastronomy.com/images/encyclopediaimages/c/ca/canada_parliament2.jpgParliament of Canada
http://www.leeabbamonte.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/kolkata-victoria-memorial-1.bmpVictoria Memorial Building
http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/75/93675-004-B15E3E52.jpgChâteau Laurier
http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3162/2566286588_5429600159.jpgNational Gallery of Canada
File:Library and Archives Canada.JPGLibrary and Archives Canada
[Ottawa: National Arts Centre / Centre National des Arts]National Arts Centre
http://www.architecture.com/Images/RIBATrust/Awards/RIBAInternationalAwards/2006/CanadianWarMuseum/CanadianWarMuseumNightview_530x352.jpgCanadian War Museum
File:Supreme Court of Canada.jpgSupreme Court of Canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/?id=ottawa-canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=101000
6.
Edmonton: 20 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất
# Tên Cao Năm
01. Manulife Place
146 m 1983
02. Telus Plaza South
134 m 1971
03. Bell Tower
130 m 1982
04. Commerce Place
123 m 1990
05. Coast Edmonton House
121 m 1971
06. Canadian Western Bank ..
121 m 1981
07. Oxford Tower
118 m 1978
08. TD Tower
117 m 1976
09. Scotia 1
113 m 1982
10. CN Tower
111 m 1966
11. Sun Life Place
108 m 1978
12. City Centre Place
103 m 1974
13. Enbridge Tower
99 m 1981
14. Icon Tower I
92 m 2008
15. Telus Plaza North
90 m 1969
16. ING Building
88 m 1981
17. Scotia 2
88 m 1983
18. Century Place
81 m 1975
19. The Sutton Place Hotel
81 m 1978
20. Phipps McKinnon Buildi..
80 m 1977
21. Standard Life Centre
80 m
22. Macdonald Place
80 m 1973
23. The Churchill
80 m 1967
24. Crowne Plaza Edmonton
79 m 1966
25. EPCOR Centre
79 m 1975
3 toà nhà nổi tiếng nhất:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/2/26/Manulife_and_Commerce_Place.jpg/200px-Manulife_and_Commerce_Place.jpgManulife Placehttp://www.emporis.com/images/5/2003/11/229489.jpgTelus Plaza South
http://farm1.static.flickr.com/183/410514554_b60115693d.jpg?v=0http://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/01/2c/2d/3a/the-belltower.jpgBelltower.
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/?id=edmonton-canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=100995
7. Winnipeg:
25 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất
# Tên Cao Năm
01. CanWest Global Place
128 m 1990
02. Richardson Building
124 m 1969
03. Commodity Exchange Tow..
117 m 1979
04. Manitoba Hydro Tower
115 m 2008
05. 55 Nassau
108 m 1970
06. Le Chateau York
97 m 1979
07. MTS Place Main
96 m 1983
08. Fort Garry Place III
94 m 1990
09. One Evergreen Place
89 m
10. One Canada Centre
83 m 1987
11. Radisson Winnipeg
83 m 1969
12. Manitoba Legislative B..
77 m 1920
13. Holiday Tower South
76 m 1973
14. Chateau 100
76 m 1970
15. Place Louis Riel
70 m 1970
16. Credit Union Central P..
64 m
17. Hampton Green
64 m 1970
18. Fort Garry Place I
62 m 1990
19. Fort Garry Place II
61 m 1990
20. Cumberland House
61 m 1970
21. The Fairmont Winnipeg
61 m 1970
22. Hotel Fort Garry
59 m 1913
23. Regency Towers
53 m
24. Harewood House
51 m 1969
25. Kiltarton East
50 m 1969
3 toà nhà nổi tiếng nhất:
http://www.canada-photos.com/data/media/6/canwest-global-place-building_4461.jpgCanWest Global Place
http://canada.archiseek.com/manitoba/winnipeg/downtown/main_street/images/richardson_building.jpgRichardson Building
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_yxY2yICdq9E/SMx40KUnjOI/AAAAAAAAACc/HpGLkufhgFQ/s320/2653330578_decb6b8f7f.jpgCommodity Exchange Tower
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/?id=winnipeg-canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=100994
8. Calgary:25 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất
# Tên Cao Năm
01. Petro-Canada Centre - ..
215 m 1983
02. Bankers Hall - West To..
197 m 2000
03. Bankers Hall - East To..
197 m 1989
04. Calgary Tower
191 m 1968
05. Canterra Tower
177 m 1988
06. TransCanada Tower
177 m 2001
07. First Canadian Centre
167 m 1982
08. Western Canadian Place..
164 m 1983
09. TD Canada Trust Tower
162 m 1991
10. Scotia Centre
155 m 1976
11. Nexen Building
152 m 1982
12. Bow Valley Square 2
143 m 1975
13. Dome Tower
141 m 1977
14. Fifth and Fifth Buildi..
140 m 1980
15. Shell Centre
140 m 1977
16. Home Oil Tower
137 m 1977
17. Bow Valley Square 4
134 m 1981
18. Fifth Avenue Place - E..
133 m 1981
19. Fifth Avenue Place - W..
133 m 1981
20. Petro-Canada Centre - ..
130 m 1983
21. Calgary Courts Centre
130 m 2007
22. Western Canadian Place..
128 m 1983
23. arriVa - Tower 1
128 m 2007
24. Altius Centre
126 m 1972
25. EnCana Place
125 m 1980
5 toà nhà nổi tiếng nhất:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Petro_Canada_West_Tower.jpgPetro-Canada Centre - West Tower
http://z.about.com/d/gocanada/1/0/U/1/-/-/CalgaryFairmontPalliser2.JPGThe Fairmont Palliser
http://www.cfm.ca/images/Calgary_Tower.jpgCalgary Tower
http://www.boacalgary.com/images/canterra.jpgCanterra Towerhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6c/Trans_Canada_Tower1.JPG/150px-Trans_Canada_Tower1.JPGTransCanada Tower
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/?id=calgary-canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=100992
9. Mississauga:25 toà nhà hiện hữu (existing) cao nhất
# Tên Cao Năm
01. One Park Tower
142 m 2008
02. Solstice
121 m 2008
03. The Park Mansion
112 m 1990
04. Absolute Vision
111 m 2008
05. Skymark West 2
109 m 2001
06. Skymark West 1
109 m 2000
07. Citygate 2
108 m 2005
08. Citygate 1
108 m 2004
09. Grand Ovation
106 m 2007
10. Eden Park
106 m 2006
11. No. 1 City Centre
101 m 2004
12. The Capital North
100 m 2006
13. Ovation 2
97 m 2005
14. Ovation 1
97 m 2004
15. The Capital South
97 m 2006
16. Eve
95 m 2009
17. A2
95 m 2007
18. No. 1 City Centre
95 m 2004
19. Place IV
95 m
20. Mississauga Civic Cent..
92 m 1987
21. Lynwood Lane
89 m
22. A1
87 m 2006
23. Chelsea Towers 1
83 m
24. The Phoenix
80 m
25. The Tiara
78 m 2002
toà nhà nổi tiếng nhất:Mississauga Civic Centrehttp://www.doorsopenontario.on.ca/userfiles/page_attachments/1/10619_3040434_Mississauga-Civic-Centre-fullsize.jpg
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/?id=mississauga-canada
http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/?id=100996
Những nơi khác:
10.Hamilton
11.Brampton
12.Surrey
13.Halifax
14.Laval
15.London
16.Markham
17.Gatineau
18.Vaughan
19.Longueuil
20.Windsor
* Danh sách skyscrapers ở Canada:
http://www.emporis.com/en/bu/sk/st/ma/ct/co/ci/?id=100075

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